Socrates, philosophy and the good life socrates' belief was that he was called on by the gods to live his life examining others and himself he believed the necessity of doing what one thinks is right even in the face of universal opposition, and the need to pursue knowledge even when opposed. Two of his younger students, the historian xenophon and the philosopher plato, recorded the most significant accounts of socrates’ life and philosophy for both, the socrates that appears bears. Plato's απολογημα (apology) is an account of socrates's (unsuccessful) speech in his own defense before the athenian jury it includes a detailed description of the motives and goals of philosophical activity as he practiced it, together with a passionate declaration of its value for life. 15 - socrates without plato: the accounts of aristophanes and xenophon posted on 23 january 2011 in the first of several episodes on socrates, peter discusses his portrayals in the clouds of aristophanes and in the works of the historian xenophon.
Description this book presents a history of spiritual exercises from socrates to early christianity, an account of their decline in modern philosophy, and a discussion of the different conceptions of philosophy that have accompanied the trajectory and fate of the theory and practice of spiritual exercises. Socrates taught the masses and the elite alike that everyone was capable of reasoning and knowledge regardless of their social status, by questioning the nature of the religion and believing the gods to be poetical license and if there was to be a. While the phaedo is most famous for its moving portrayal of socrates' death and its arguments for the immortality of the soul, ahrensdorf argues that the dialogue is primarily devoted to presenting socrates' final defense of the philosophic life against the theoretical and political challenge of religion.
Socrates was a greek philosopher and the main source of western thought little is known of his life except what was recorded by his students, including plato. Socrates, in plato's account, points to his refusal to comply with the tyrants' order that he bring in leon of salamis for summary execution he argues this act of disobedience--which might have led to his own execution, had not the tyrants fallen from power--demonstrates his service as a good citizen of athens. Shows that the dialogue in plato's phaedo is primarily devoted to presenting socrates' final defense of the philosophical life against the theoretical and political challenge of religion that the psychology of its characters is a key to understanding the argument of a platonic dialogue is a principle effectively applied in this reading of the phaedo and well supported by the results: in. Socrates was convicted and sentenced to death (xenophon tells us that he wished for such an outcome and plato's account of the trial in his apology would seem to confirm this.
Video: socrates: life, death and philosophy this lecture is a whirlwind tour through the life of socrates it begins with an explanation of the socratic problem, followed by an examination of his. Socrates the greek philosopher and logician socrates (469-399 bc) was an important formative influence on plato and had a profound effect on ancient philosophy socrates was the son of sophroniscus, an athenian stone mason and sculptor. The best life is the life of philosophy, that is the life of loving and pursuing wisdom—a life spent engaging logos the philosophical life is also the most excellent life since it is the touchstone of true virtue.
Alcibiades being taught by socrates socrates (469/470-399 bce) was a greek philosopher and is considered the father of western philosophy plato was his most famous student and would teach aristotle who would then tutor alexander the great. Socrates took philosophy in a new direction and was a major influence on subsequent greek philosophical schools leonard peikoff explains socrates’ famous method of inquiry, his discovery of the importance of conceptual knowledge, and his death at the hands of the athenian democracy. Socrates was one of the most influential greek philosophers of the ancient era he was born in the fifth century bc in the city of athens his father was a stone mason and hos mother was a midwife.
To escape giving an account of one’s life is neither possible nor good, socrates claims, but it is best to prepare oneself to be as good as possible (apology 39d-e) benson, hugh h (ed), essays on the philosophy of socrates (new york: oxford university press, 1992. Socrates, (born c 470 bce, athens [greece]—died 399 bce, athens), greek philosopher whose way of life, character, and thought exerted a profound influence on ancient and modern philosophy.
Aristotle regarded platos account of the life and teaching of socrates to be essentially true and the dialogues as offering a faithful account today there is a tendency to differentiate between the socrates of history and the socrates of plato. A survey of the history of western philosophy plato's description of socrates's final days continued in the κριτων ()now in prison awaiting execution, socrates displays the same spirit of calm reflection about serious matters that had characterized his life in freedom. For example, socrates in the gorgias opposes, while in the protagoras he supports, hedonism the details of the relation between erotic love and the good life differ from phaedrus to symposium the account of the relation between knowledge and the objects of knowledge in republic differs from the meno account despite socrates’s commitment to. This chapter examines socrates' conception of philosophy itself as a way of life, of philosophy as something to be lived, not merely thought and talked about it argues that for socrates, living a philosophical life meant living with the idea that reason — conceived as the capacity for argument and analysis in pursuit of the truth about things — is our highest and most essential capacity.